A dj is often considered a celebrity with sky-high earnings, tours and shows all over the world, record deals and radio broadcasts; but where does this figure come from? What do they actually do?
Music has always had a fundamental role in the history of mankind. Century after century it has kept changing to finally get to its current form, where we have big, international stars, amongst whom it isn’t hard to find djs.
Djs’ activity started in France under Nazi domination with the opening of the very first discos, as the regime would forbid playing any discs coming from across the pond. The term “dj” (short for “Disk Jokey”) was coined in the ’60s. Djs’ role was that of choosing the right song at the right time, obviously based on the occasion. Furthermore, the dj would also join the various tracks together to create a continuous flow of music in a way that would sound pleasant to the listener’s ears. As time went by, this figure became more and more important as he came to be responsible for the success of a certain event and for the popularity of a given club. This is where the first stars who invented Techno Music come from, which was followed by other forms such as the widely known House Music and Dance Music in the ’80s and the ’90s. These stars wouldn’t simply “mix” tracks, but would also produce their own pieces, earning the name of “Dj/Producer”, who are very common today. With time, not only has the figure of the dj evolved, but his equipment has too. Originally, analogical consoles were used with vinyl records; modern consoles, on the other hand, are far more sophisticated but still try to imitate the characteristics of vinyl, which, in any case, maintains its appeal and is still widely used.
Lucrezia – Translated by Alison
JUNIOR AMBASSADORS/Does Europe belong to young people?
THE EPAS PROGRAMME
What is the European Union?
And the European Parliament?
How does one become a European citizen?
These are some of the questions we often try to answer when we hear talking about Europe. Simple questions, but ones that allow us to understand and participate in something that goes beyond geographical and cultural borders.
However, it is not always so clear to find answers to such questions.
It is precisely for this reason that our school has joined the EPAS (European Parliament Ambassador School) programme, a project that aims to inform young people about the EU and the opportunities it offers them, about its activities and those of MEPs.
Specifically, this project allows students in a class to become ambassadors of the European Parliament, thus becoming promoters of knowledge about the EU in their schools and on social media.
The class that has been designated as an ambassador of the European Parliament is the 4Clng class of the Rapallo site.
A JOURNEY OF MANY MEETINGS
During the second part of the year, class 4Clng took part in a number of in-depth meetings on the European Union.
First of all, the class had the opportunity to take part in an online meeting with the Italian representation of the European Parliament. Thanks to this meeting, the students were able to reconstruct, through an engaging and stimulating dialogue, the history of the European Union and the role of its institutional bodies.
Afterwards, the class took part in a meeting with a representative of the Antonio Megalizzi Foundation, the journalist and staunch pro-European who lost his life in the 11 December 2018 attack in Strasbourg. The representative of the foundation gave an interesting speech on what advantages a European citizen enjoys, especially when he or she moves from one member country to another.
Afterwards, the young ambassadors attended the presentation of the book ‘All for one – 33 stories to fall in love with Europe’ by Enrico Franceschini. In the book, he tells thirty-three stories about not only the countries that are part of the European Union, but also those that could become one or those that were and are no longer. This detail thus gave rise to a pleasant discussion in the meeting about what characteristics and traditions distinguish each European country and how the European union might change in the years to come.
To conclude the project, the class organised “La festa dell’Europa”, a day full of speeches and debates both with young people who are getting to grips with EU issues thanks to their university activities, and with high-profile personalities in the field of the European Union and popularisation, such as Gianluca Saba, head of the Europe Direct Centre in Genoa, Antonio Polito, deputy editor of “Il Corriere della Sera”, and Federico Rampini, journalist, writer and columnist of “Corriere della Sera” from New York.
WHAT DO THE YOUNG AMBASSADORS THINK OF THEIR EXPERIENCE?
At the end of a long, interesting and stimulating journey of discovery and deepening of the European Union, we asked the Junior Ambassadors to tell us their thoughts on the journey. Here there are their answers:
“I really enjoyed the training course we undertook with the representative of the European Parliament, who told us about the history and functions of the European institutions. I believe that this course helped us to grow in our sense of belonging to the European Union.”
– Giovanni Di Lauro
“At the end of this training course I can say that I know the European Union, an institution that allows me to live better, travel and experience.”
– Federico Raggio
“This experience has taught me what it means to be a European citizen; it involves not only rights but also duties and I feel I have become more aware of them.”
– Letizia Oneto
“Throughout the whole Europe Day I had a lot of food for thought about what my future will be and the importance of my choices. In particular, the variety of interlocutors (journalists, geopoliticians, professors, former students) allowed me to delve into the most diverse aspects of the European Union. I was very happy to have participated in this day which helped me a lot to better understand the country I live in.”
– Camilla Censori
“Thanks to this experience I learned a lot about the European Parliament and its functions, but what I really understood was what it means to be a European citizen. We are all part of this community even if sometimes we don’t realise it. We must not only ‘think Italian’ but we must ‘think EUROPEAN’.
– Martina Lautanio
“Thanks to this experience I learnt many things about the European Union that I didn’t know before. All the meetings were interesting and made me understand what it means to be a European citizen.”
“My experience during these months made me realise how beautiful the European Union is and how lucky I am to live within an institution that was born to protect my rights. I can now say that I know many more facets of the European Union.”
– Alice Gucciardo
“Thanks to this experience, in which we had the privilege to participate, we learnt and got to know all the rights and opportunities that the European Union offers us, and talked with important people about current issues and values that are often not given the right importance.”
– Giorgia Marcassoli
“Thanks to the various guests proposed by the school and our teachers we learnt something more about the country we live in; aspects that we often all take for granted.”
– Alice Dallorso
“The path undertaken to get to know the European Union has been a great source of culture for me; it has certainly helped me to understand more precisely what the European Union actually is.”
– Giulia Queirolo
“These meetings allowed us to stay more together as a class and share our opinions on various topics.”
– Ludovica Cassola
“The resourcefulness and perseverance of the young people who took part in the various meetings, the care taken in the explanations by the great speakers, but above all the passion of our lecturers were a great inspiration for me, so much so that I realised that this experience is only the beginning of a much bigger adventure.”
– Elisa Bona
“The experience was very important and very useful in making us understand and feel part of the European Union, thanks also to the various guests who helped us to analyse the positive and negative sides of Europe and explained how the situation could improve.”
– Francesco Garbarino
“All the meetings, and especially the last one, served to instil even more strongly in me – and I believe in the whole class – a curiosity for international issues concerning the EU, such as the delicate situation with Russia that we talked about so often.”
– Roberta Olivari
“Especially from the first meeting we had with the Italian representative of the European Parliament, I was very impressed and enjoyed being able to hear about the history and developments of the European Union.”
– Filippo Saudino
“These meetings have directed me, and all of us, to see new things, situations and to see the world in different ways, and this has led us to grow in everything.”
– Eva Cantoni
“It was really interesting, curious and exciting to participate in this project. Getting to know the faces of the surnames you often hear on TV or that are written in books, getting to know new realities, new jobs led me to a desire to enrich my knowledge and broaden my horizons.”
– Guia Bertolone
“The meeting with the Italian representative of the European Parliament, the meetings with the Megalizzi Foundation and finally the Europe Day were magical occasions to learn more about the European Union, very interesting for our path as Junior Ambassadors and essential for our future.”
– Nicolò Crippa
“This course has helped our entire class to have a greater appreciation of those around us, to broaden our horizons, but above all to be able to think and aspire to goals that are only possible with a united community committed to offering as many opportunities as possible to young people who dream of a bright future.”
– Axel Armijos
“The discovery of the laws that regulate this union and the rights and duties that this entails for all citizens allowed me to truly realise that I live in a united community, in which all the member states that are part of it work together for the process and the common good. This feeling of cooperation is alive in European citizens and this experience helped me to develop it in turn.”
– Marta Sormani
We can therefore conclude by saying that this course was particularly fascinating thanks to the passion and dedication shown by the guests and teachers throughout the training of the young European Parliament ambassadors; an experience that will certainly remain etched in the history of our school.
An insight into body dysmorphia and body image: the struggle of “never being enough”
Nowadays the “ghost” of body dysmorphia is following more and more people, mostly teens, every single day due to a constant overrating of people’s body images by society. All over social medias, it is common to see skinny and muscular models promoting an ideal body shape that should utopistically fit everyone. This influence has been causing several problems to young people, which are still learning to accept and appreciate their own bodies, related to body image, body dismorphya and, in the worst case scenarios, eating desorders.
Guantanamo Bay detention camp : the shame of U.S.A
Guantanamo Bay detention camp is an United States’ military prison located on the coast of Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Amnesty International considers it as a major violation of human rights, indeed this prison is known in particular for its mysterious ways of detention and treatment of prisoners.
Obama, during his political campaign in 2009, declared he would have closed the prison and during his second day as President of United States he signed an executive order which imposed the closing of the military base in Cuba by the end of the year. However this good intention fell into oblivion…
Quite all the inmates of Guantanamo have been accused of providing information to terrorists, an action considered as a “crime of war” in 2008. The following year Obama approved a reform, contained in the Military Commission Act of 2009, which prohibited torture as a way in order to obtain evidences and the use of “evidences by hearsay”.
According to lawyers, torture is the “original sin” of Guantanamo. As a consequence, the government was forced to create and adopt a new systeme of rules with the aim of hiding all the mistreatments and abuses suffered form the prisoners. Nobody had to know what happened inside that place of horrors… Nobody had to find out about histories such as those of Khalid Sheck Mohammed or Mustafa Al-Hasawi who was submitted to the rehydratation by rectal pathway.
Another torture regards force-feeding of hunger strikers through large feeding tubes which are shoved up their noses and down in their stomaches. This procedure obviously violates World Medical Association and American Medical Asociation.
In Guantanamo there’s a deep mysterious atmosphere. Quite everything is clissified and defendants don’t have the possibility of discussing with their lawyers, even if it regards their situation. Moreover lawyers are not allowded to make public any declarations of their clients. It seems that prisoners’ memories belong only to the nation which has the right to handle it.
Nowadays in Guantanamo torture and brutal interrogations have come to an end, however the torture of being imprisoned in an isolated place without legal assistence continues…
ERASMUS+ Polonya/Sulecin Hareketliliği
CRUELLA/merita davvero il premio Oscar?
IRAN/Un taglio in segno di protesta
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